Infertility is the diminished capacity to produce offspring. The term does not imply the complete inability to have children, and should not be confused with sterility. Clinicians have introduced temporal and physical elements to the definition of infertility. Infertility is thus often diagnosed when 1 year of unprotected intercourse has passed without conception.
One should understand the following terms thoroughly :
- Fertilization: contact between sperm and egg, leading to their union to become a zygote – embryo ‘broon’ in hindi.
- Conception: the onset of pregnancy – that is – the presence of embryo is recognized by women’s body and her body tries to support the embryo development biochemically with chemicals/hormones.
- Pregnancy: the condition of having a developing embryo or foetus in the female reproductive tract.